Here are a few important trees which occur in the Piedmont of North Carolina. Also some images from a field notebook. An inappropriate pen was used in the field notebook, so apologies for the smears.
Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) Can have these weird flanges on the branches. Leaves spiky gum balls everywhere. Leaves shaped like stars. Same type of bark as Tuliptree.
Tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera) Really tall. Really straight. Leaves shaped like a child’s drawing of a tulip. Flowers look really cool. Same type of bark as Sweetgum.
American Sycamore (Platanus occidentals) Scaley, peely bark which looks like Madrone or Crepe Myrtle bark a few feet above the ground. Green patches in the bark can photosynthesize, which is a useful thing for a tree.
American Beech (Fagus grandifolia) Keeps its leaves way into the winter. Has a really oval shaped leave with tiny teeth at the ends of each of the leaf veins. Bark is really smooth and people like to carve their initials into it.
Eastern Redcedar (Juniperus virginians) Bark is not as fuzzy as Western Red Cedar. This is not helpful for people who don’t know what Western Red Cedar looks like.
White Oak (Quercus alba) It’s an oak. So looks like an oak tree. Leaves are not pointy, those are Red Oaks. The bark is gray and sort of scaly and comes off in strips or plates.
Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) Alligator skin bark. A smallish tree. Really simple leaves. Very cool four petaled flower that gets put on a lot of jewelry around here.
Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum) Redish blocky bark. Also it leans a lot. Leaves apparently taste sort of sour so are nice to chew if you’re into that kind of thing.